The obverse of this medal bears the crowned head
of Queen Elizabeth II and the inscription 'ELIZABETH II DEI
GRATIA REGINA F.D.'. The reverse has the words 'FOR CAMPAIGN
SERVICE' surmounted by a crown and contained within an encircling
wreath. The swivelling suspender is the rather ornate type used
by the previous Army and Air Force General Service Medal which
is attached by a floral mount riveted to the medal.
Clasps: 'BORNEO', 'RADFAN', SOUTH VIETNAM', 'SOUTH
ARABIA'. MALAY PENINSULA', 'DHOFAR', 'NORTHERN IRELAND', 'LEBANON',
'MINE CLEARANCE', 'GULF', 'KUWAIT', 'N.IRAQ & S.TURKEY'
and 'AIR OPERATIONS IRAQ'.
Ribbon: The ribbon is the standard 1.25"
in width being of dark violet with dark green borders.
Naming: Naming is usually found in small impressed
serif capital letters typical of modern issue awards.
This medal was introduced in 1962 to replace both
the Army and RAF General Service Medal and Naval General Service
Medal. It is still often referred to as the 'General Service
Medal' despite its actual change in name which was felt gave
a better description of what it was awarded for. The clasp 'SOUTH
VIETNAM' was awarded to Australian and New Zealand troops only
for part of their involvement in the Vietnam War. This medal
is probably the most common of all campaign medals struck during
the reign of Queen Elizabeth II with 'NORTHERN IRELAND' being
the most common clasp.
The last four clasps of 'GULF', 'KUWAIT', 'N.IRAQ
& S.TURKEY' and 'AIR OPERATIONS IRAQ' concern operations
in the post-Gulf War period and are somewhat sought after by
collectors and so command higher prices. However medals found
with the clasps LEBANON' and 'MINE CLEARANCE' are scarce and
have the highest prices for a CSM.
The CSM is now only awarded with the clasps 'NORTHERN
IRELAND' and 'AIR OPERATIONS IRAQ'. Other minor campaigns (for
which a separate medal is not struck) from 1st January 2000
are now recognised by the new 'Operational Service Medal'. No
doubt once awards of these 2 clasps cease the CSM will be completely
superseded by the OSM.
Campaign Medal (obverse)
showing service in Northern Ireland and South Arabia (Aden)
Campaign Medal showing
recipients name on the rim.
Campaign Medal Reverse